This might be an injury that is all too common for all you ball sport players such as soccer, basketball, and rugby just to name a few. The most common type of ankle sprain is called an inversion ankle sprain which makes up approximately 85% of ankle sprains. This type of sprain will most likely affect the ATFL ligament of the ankle. The least common type of ankle sprain is called an eversion ankle sprain which will most likely affect the deltoid ligament complex. As with all ligament injuries they are categorised into grades. Grade 1 being a microscopic tear of the ligament whilst a grade 3 involves a complete rupture of the ligament leading to issues with structural integrity of the joint complex.
- The field/environment that a sport is being played on
- An individual’s weight/height
- Dominant foot
- Genetic structure of the foot (i.e. flat foot)
- Previous history of Ankle sprain
- Continuous Ankle taping/bracing before sporting events
- Type of shoe/boots
- Intensity of the sport being played
The most likely sign that an ankle ligament sprain is swelling, tenderness and bruising that will occur following the injury. The swelling will present almost immediately following the injury as well as tenderness whilst the bruising can appear, clearly, up to a day later. If the ankle sprain was bad enough there is the possibility of neural compromise which means the patient may complain of “pins and needles” in the foot. In addition to this the patient will have the obvious inability to weight bear or walk with a limp, and a reduction in range of motion; the severity of the reduction will depend on how badly the ankle was injured.
What can we do to get it better?
- Rest, ice, Compress, Elevate (RICE method) -> during the first 48 hours of injury
- Perform as much movement as possible within a pain free range to encourage movement at the joint
- Ankle brace/taping during the early phase of care to protect the ankle
- Improve muscle strength around the ankle joint to increase stability
- Improve balance at the ankle
- Manual therapy techniques -> Soft tissue massage, shockwave therapy, laser therapy, dry needling
At Pro Health Clinic our practitioners will tailor your treatment to suit your needs and desired outcome. We will go through a detailed history and consultation where we get to know you, go through your previous history with your injury, find out your main health concerns and what you would like to achieve through our sessions. Your experience and comfort at our clinic is our priority. We will continually strive to provide you with the highest standard of care with every visit. By diligently following our personalised exercise programs, you can fast-track your recovery and be out of pain to get back to doing your normal everyday activities.